Style Guide

This Style Guide is intended as an answer to the most frequently asked questions regarding the preparation of manuscripts for submission to Druid Magazine. When preparing a piece for publication, the editorial staff aims to balance the preservation of the author’s voice with the obligation to provide clear information to the reader. Please use the following guidelines when polishing your piece. The editors reserve the right to make changes in accordance with these guidelines with regard to spelling, grammar, citation style, and terminology as it relates to an OBOD-centric practice.


Manuscript Development

  • Authors should follow the Concise Rules of APA Style, 6th ed., and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th ed., for any issues not addressed here.
  • It is the responsibility of the editor(s) to standardize all aspects of the work as a whole since there are multiple contributing authors to the magazine.
  • Please see Submission Guidelines for instructions on submissions to specific departments.

Text Preparation

  • Druid Magazine only accepts manuscripts for publication in American English (submissions in British English will be edited to conform to American English unless contained within an opinion piece).
  • Submit manuscripts in Microsoft Word.
  • Use 12-point Verdana font for content including headers, titles, and bylines, 10-point for references in APA style. Use only italics rarely for emphasis.
  • Double-space text, and use a single space after end punctuation and colons.
  • Use the Oxford (serial) comma in a list of three or more items.
  • Indent and single space quotes of more than 45 words.
  • Refrain from using footnotes or endnotes; use parenthetical citations with a corresponding reference list as per APA style.
  • Use “Spell Check” and “Grammar Check” for American English before submission.
  • An excellent online reference to APA style may be found here.

Illustration Creation

  • Images must be submitted digitally with each image submitted as a separate file.
  • Label all tables, figures, and plates with author name, table/figure/plate number, and file extension in the digital file name. Any multipanel images (i.e., with parts labeled a, b, c, etc.) should be submitted as individual image files with clearly identifying names.
  • Submit a separate list of figures, plates, and tables with captions (to go under the illustrations).
  • If images are copied from other publications, copyright permissions must be included in the captions of the images. Authors must obtain permissions to reproduce copyrighted material. Use the following conventions in the citation:
    • reprinted = no change
    • modified = some change
    • adapted = radical changes
  • If no change is made to the image, authors need only reference the source. Please use the following APA-style wording for copyright permissions:
    • BOOK: From Title of Book (p. xxx), by A. N. Author and C. O. Author, year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright [year] by Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or modified, or adapted] with permission.
    • JOURNAL: From “Title of Article,” by A. N. Author and C. O. Author, year, Title of Journal, Volume, xx. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or modified, or adapted] with permission.
    • WEBSITE: From “Title of Image [electronic image],” by A. N. Author/Artist, (year, x month), retrieved from http://web.address.here.com. Copyright [year] by Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or modified, or adapted] with permission.

 Note: Druid Magazine does not accept low-resolution (less than 300 dpi) images. Images that do not meet these requirements will be deleted from the work.


Plagiarism

Authors and artists must submit only their own work and hold the copyright to all content. Any material found in violation will be automatically rejected.
Please see APA guidelines on self-plagiarism.


Style Guidelines

Preferred Spellings

  • Festival Names – When referring to the Eightfold Festivals, please use the following spellings, as per the OBOD ritual pamphlets:
    • Samhuinn
    • Alban Arthan
    • Imbolc
    • Alban Eilir
    • Beltane
    • Alban Hefin
    • Lughnasadh
    • Alban Elfed

Font Formatting

  • Use italics sparingly for emphasis—do not use bold.
  • Use underlining only when inserting a link.
  • Do not italicize common Latin abbreviations such as i.e. and e.g.

Numbers

  • When writing your manuscript, use Arabic numbers for tables, figures, plates, and volume numbers. Retain Roman numerals only when they are part of a title.
  • Spell out numbers at the beginning of a sentence or when writing one through nine.
  • Separate sequences of numbers with one en-dash, not a hyphen. (En-dashes can be inserted with the “Insert” pull-down menu in Microsoft Word.) ex. (Carr-Gomm, 2002, 12–13)

Dates and Chronological Periods

  • Be consistent in using era abbreviations: B.C.E. and C.E.

Punctuation

  • Use American punctuation marks for quotation marks and question marks (e.g., periods and commas inside quotation marks).

Compass Directions

  • Fully spell out compass directions. Do not abbreviate them:
    • north
    • south
    • east
    • west
    • northeast
    • southwest
    • north-northeast
    • east-northeast
  • Capitalize directions only if referring to them as personifications, such as Spirit of the North.

Abbreviations

  • Acronyms such as OBOD, AODA or ADF are preferred for well-known Druid organizations.
  • Otherwise, write out the name of the organization with first time, with the abbreviation in parentheses; all following instances should use the abbreviation. This applies to groves as well as national/international organizations.
  • Do not use ibid, idem, op. cit., and ff.
  • In reference lists:
    • (edition)
    • 2nd ed. (second edition)
    • /Eds. (editor/editors)
    • (translator/s)
    • d. (no date)
    • /pp. (page/pages)
    • /Vols. (volume/s)
    • (number)
    • (part)
    • (supplement)

Capitalization

  • Follow APA rules of capitalization. Exceptions include:
  • Names of smaller religious/spiritual movements, such as Druidry, Paganism, Polytheism, etc.
  • Capitalize directions only if referring to them as personifications or titles, such as Spirit of the North.

Citations and References

  • Each citation must appear in the reference list, and every reference listing must be cited somewhere in the text.
  • All forthcoming works must be under contract with a publisher (i.e. in press is acceptable). Please provide the publisher’s name and city in the reference listing. Works in preparation without a contract are not acceptable sources.

Citations

  • Cite references in the text within parentheses by author’s last name, date, page range (p. or pp.) for direct quotes, and figure number/plate number. Use an ampersand (&) between co-authors.
    • (Carr-Gomm, 2009, pp. 17–19, fig. 3)
    • (Matthews & Worthington, 2003)
  • First initials are only given if two authors who share a last name have publications in the same year, or when citing a personal communication.
    • (K. Hughes, 2014; C. Hughes, 2014)
    • (S. Fuhro, personal communication, October 31, 2014)
  • Cite all names for up to five joint authors; use the last name of the first author and “et al.” for six or more coauthors and list all coauthors in the references.
    • (Aldrich et al., 2015)
  • Use a comma to separate successive references by the same author in a citation. If listing multiple works by the different authors, use semicolons except where page numbers are required.
    • (Greer, 1998, 2005, 2007, p. 45)
    • (Brown, 2014; Hopman, 1995; Billington, 2011)
  • Refrain from using footnotes or endnotes.

References

  • Submit an alphabetical list of all references cited per APA style.
  • In general, a reference should contain the author name, date of publication, title of the work, and publication data.
  • Books
    • One Author/Editor:
      • Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
      • Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx
      • Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. doi:xxxxxx
      • Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title of book (Vols. 1–9). Location: Publisher.
    • Two or More Authors:
      • Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
    • Chapter/Article in a Book
      • Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of chapter or entry in sentence case. In A. Editor and B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book in sentence case (pp. xxx–xxx). Location: Publisher.
  • Articles
    • Generally follow the format:
      • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article in sentence case. Title of Periodical in Title Case, Volume(issue if the publication does not continue numbering throughout the volume), pp–pp (just the numbers, do not use pp.).
    • If a doi is available, add it at the end of the citation, without a period.
      • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article in sentence case. Title of Periodical in Title Case, Volume(issue if the publication does not continue numbering throughout the volume), pp–pp (just the numbers, do not use pp.). doi:xx.xxxxxx
    • If from an online source, add “retrieved from” at the end of the citation, without a period.
      • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article in sentence case. Title of Periodical in Title Case, Volume(issue if the publication does not continue numbering throughout the volume), pp–pp (just the numbers, do not use pp.). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx
  • Internet Sources
    • Non-confirmed or non-refereed sources from the Internet should be used sparingly
    • Generally follow the format:
      • Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form—online forum, discussion group, electronic mailing list message, blog post, web page]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

Many thanks to Catriona McDonald for developing this style guide.